Dois textos, duas cidades, duas visões sobre a gentrificação:
What’s Wrong With Gentrification?
Often lost amid our caricatures of benighted hipsters invading a blighted neighborhood is the fact that without gentrification, you’ve simply got a blighted neighborhood. “The discourse on gentrification,” Freeman writes, “has tended to overlook the possibility that some of the neighborhood changes associated with gentrification might be appreciated by the prior residents.” Freeman contrasts the late-century decline of Harlem with the conditions of the Lower East Side (or Harlem) decades earlier. Early urban slums were bustling and overcrowded, and thus could sustain a wide range of services. By contrast, Harlem lost 30 percent of its population in the seventies alone. Such neighborhoods became penal colonies of poverty, drained of population, services, and hope. Which explains, in part, the lack of displacement when gentrification improbably arrived. Once these neighborhoods improved, people opted to stay if they possibly could. LINK
On resisting gentrification: Strategies for a community
gentrification occurs through a relatively gradual increase in property values and rents. As wealthier, more powerful people decide that they would like to live or own property in an area, the land becomes increasingly more valuable as a commodity. An important step, then, in resisting gentrification is resisting the temptation to treat oneâ€™s home and oneâ€™s neighborhood as a commodity. First of all, this means creating neighborhood solidarity. Collectively, the residents of a neighborhood must make a decision to take responsibility for the neighborhood and its stewardship. Secondly, this means putting yourself on the line in the fight to save your home and neighborhood and in support of your neighbors and their homes. When the bull-dozers come, stand in front of them. When the landlords kick people out, help them squat their homes. LINK